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1.  Yoga Therapy As An Add-On Treatment In The Management Of Patients With Schizophrenia – A Randomized Controlled Trial

Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 116 Issue 3, Pages 226 – 232

By G. Duraiswamy 1 , J. Thirthalli 1 , H. R. Nagendra 2 , B. N. Gangadhar

1 Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and NeuroSciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore 560029, India and  2 Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (Deemed University), Banaglore 560019, India

Correspondence to Jagadisha Thirthalli, Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health And Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), PO Box No. 2900, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560029, India. E-mail:
Copyright 2007 The Authors Journal Compilation 2007 Blackwell Munksgaard


Objective: Treatment of schizophrenia has remained unsatisfactory despite the availability of antipsychotics. This study examined the efficacy of Yoga therapy (YT) as an add-on treatment to the ongoing antipsychotic treatment.

Method: Sixty-one moderately ill schizophrenia patients were randomly assigned to YT (n = 31) and physical exercise therapy (PT; n = 30) for 4 months. They were assessed at baseline and 4 months after the start of intervention, by a rater who was blind to their group status.

Results: Forty-one subjects (YT = 21; PT = 20) were available at the end of 4 months for assessment. Subjects in the YT group had significantly less psychopathology than those in the PT group at the end of 4 months. They also had significantly greater social and occupational functioning and quality of life.

Conclusion: Both non-pharmacological interventions contribute to reduction in symptoms, with YT having better efficacy.

2.   Healing Mind and Body: Using Therapeutic Yoga in the Treatment of Schizophrenia
International Journal of Yoga Therapy Volume 17, Number 1 / 2007, Pages 95-103
By Elizabeth Visceglia, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY


This article offers insight into the causes and nature of schizophrenia, a chronic mental illness, and describes practical ways Yoga can be integrated as an aspect of treatment. Yoga offers a safe, effective intervention to address both the physiological and psychological stress prevalent in this population. With a practice grounded in the movement of the breath, Yoga can create a sense of community, self-awareness, and self-care that traditional psychiatric practice is frequently unable to foster. This article also discusses some of the concerns specific to teaching this population, and to teaching in a psychiatric hospital. Clinical cases are shared to illustrate the benefits individuals with schizophrenia may receive from a practice of Yoga.

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